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Production of methanol from CO2 electroreduction at Cu2O and Cu2O/ZnO-based electrodes in aqueous solution

Abstract: In this study, we examine the performance of Cu2O and Cu2O/ZnO surfaces in a filter-press electrochemical cell for the continuous electroreduction of CO2 into methanol. The electrodes are prepared by airbrushing the metal particles onto a porous carbon paper and then are electrochemically characterized by cyclic voltammetry analyses. Particular emphasis is placed on evaluating and comparing the methanol production and Faradaic efficiencies at different loadings of Cu2O particles (0.5, 1 and 1.8 mg cm-2), Cu2O/ZnO weight ratios (1:0.5, 1:1 and 1:2) and electrolyte flow rates (1, 2 and 3 ml min-1 cm-2). The electrodes including ZnO in their catalytic surface were stable after 5 h, in contrast with Cu2O-deposited carbon papers that present strong deactivation with time. The maximum methanol formation rate and Faradaic efficiency for Cu2O/ZnO (1:1)-based electrodes, at an applied potential of -1.3 V vs. Ag/AgCl, were r = 3.17 × 10-5 mol m-2 s-1 and FE = 17.7 %, respectively. Consequently, the use of Cu2O–ZnO mixtures may be of application for the continuous electrochemical formation of methanol, although further research is still required in order to develop highly active, selective and stable catalysts the electroreduction of CO2 to methanol.

 Autoría: Albo J., Sáez A., Solla-Gullón J., Montiel V., Irabien A.,

 Fuente: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2015, 176?177, 709?717

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2015

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2015.04.055

 ISSN: 0926-3373,1873-3883

 Proyecto español: CTQ2013-48280-C3-1-R, CTQ2013-48280-C3- 3-R

 Url de la publicación: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2015.04.055