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Analysis of the mechanics of breaker bar generation in cross-shore beach profiles based on numerical modelling

Abstract: In this work, a recently developed numerical model, capable of solving the hydro- and morphodynamics of the cross-shore beach profile, is used to gain insight into the relevant processes driving the generation of a breaker bar. The bedload and suspended sediment transport contributions are analysed separately. It has been shown that the bedload transport tends to accumulate sediment on the onshore side of the undertow detachment point, at a distance that depends on the skewness of the waves and the magnitude of the friction velocity, shaping the onshore face of the breaker bar. In contrast, the suspended transport contributes to the growth of the offshore side of the breaker bar. Besides, a comparison between the sediment transport rates produced by different types of breakers shows a faster bathymetric evolution and an offshore displacement of the position of the breaker bar for high Iribarren numbers. Differences are consistent with the proposed mechanisms driving the evolution of the beach profile. The findings of this work provide a better understanding of the processes driving the formation of breaker bars, how they interact with each other and the relative importance of bedload and suspended sediment transport at each location of the cross-shore profile.

 Fuente: Coastal Engineering, 2022, 177, 104172

 Publisher: Elsevier

 Publication date: 01/10/2022

 No. of pages: 21

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2022.104172

 ISSN: 0378-3839,1872-7379

 Spanish project: RTI2018-097014-B-I00

 Publication Url: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2022.104172

Authorship

JULIO GARCIA-MARIBONA LOPEZ-SELA