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Determination of transformer oil contamination from the OLTC gases in the power transformers of a distribution system operator

Abstract: Power transformers are considered to be the most important assets in power substations. Thus, their maintenance is important to ensure the reliability of the power transmission and distribution system. One of the most commonly used methods for managing the maintenance and establishing the health status of power transformers is dissolved gas analysis (DGA). The presence of acetylene in the DGA results may indicate arcing or high-temperature thermal faults in the transformer. In old transformers with an on-load tap-changer (OLTC), oil or gases can be filtered from the OLTC compartment to the transformer?s main tank. This paper presents a method for determining the transformer oil contamination from the OLTC gases in a group of power transformers for a distribution system operator (DSO) based on the application of the guides and the knowledge of experts. As a result, twenty-six out of the 175 transformers studied are defined as contaminated from the OLTC gases. In addition, this paper presents a methodology based on machine learning techniques that allows the system to determine the transformer oil contamination from the DGA results. The trained model achieves an accuracy of 99.76% in identifying oil contamination.

 Authorship: Bustamante S., Manana M., Arroyo A., Laso A., Martinez R.,

 Fuente: Applied Sciences, 2020, 10(24), 8897

 Publisher: MDPI

 Publication date: 13/12/2020

 No. of pages: 19

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.3390/app10248897

 ISSN: 2076-3417

 Spanish project: RTC-2017-6782-3

 European project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/864579/EU/Interoperable solutions for implementing holistic FLEXIbility services in the distribution GRID/FLEXIGRID/