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Climate action and food security: Strategies to reduce GHG emissions from food loss and waste in emerging economies

Abstract: Peru struggles to upgrade its waste management, with landfilling only just overtaking open dumpsters as the main disposal method. Despite the benefits of this transition, including reduced environmental impacts to water and soil, previous studies demonstrated that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions may increase if adequate levels of technological sophistication are not implemented. Considering that 58% of municipal solid waste (MSW) is organic, it seems plausible that a relevant portion of emissions can be linked directly to food loss and waste (FLW) management. This study aims to determine the GHG emissions mitigation potential in FLW compared to the current baseline scenario in 24 Peruvian cities, by modelling alternative technologies to treat organic MSW. Life cycle modelling was performed using the waste-LCA software EASETECH. Five treatment scenarios were modelled: i) open dumping; ii) landfilling with no gas treatment; iii) landfilling with landfill gas treatment; iv) landfilling with energy recovery; and, v) anaerobic digestion. GHG emissions of FLW generation proved to be substantially higher than those for FLW treatment. However, if sophisticated technologies are implemented in FLW treatment, an annual reduction of up to 1.56 Mt CO2eq could be attained. Moreover, despite the health and environmental benefits of a transition to optimized diets, in which, for example, meat consumption is reduced and vegetables are boosted, an important increase in FLW and, therefore, an increase in GHG emissions in the treatment phase is shown. However, if certain technologies, such as energy recovery or anaerobic digestion, were implemented, most carbon losses would be avoided.

 Autoría: Vázquez-Rowe I., Ziegler-Rodriguez K., Margallo M., Kahhat R., Aldaco R.,

 Fuente: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2021, 170, 105562

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/07/2021

Nº de páginas: 12

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105562

ISSN: 0921-3449,1879-0658

Proyecto español: CTM2016- 76176-C2-1-R

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