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Transport time scales as physical descriptors to characterize heavily modified water bodies near ports in coastal zones.

Abstract: Physical descriptors that characterize Heavily Modified Water Bodies (HMWB) based on the presence of ports should assess the degree of water exchange. The main goal of this study is to determine the optimal procedure for estimating Transport Time Scales (TTS) as physical descriptors in order to characterize and manage HMWB near ports in coastal zones. Flushing Time (FT) and Residence Time (RT), using different approachesdanalytical and exponential function methodsdand different hydrodynamic scenarios, were computed using numerical models. El Musel (Port of Gijon) was selected to test different transport time scales (FT and RT), methods (analytical and exponential function methods) and hydrodynamic conditions (wind and tidal forcings). FT, estimated by the exponential function method while taking into account a real tidal wave and a mean annual regime of wind as hydrodynamic forcing, was determined to be the optimal physical descriptor to characterize HMWB.

 Autoría: Gómez A.G., Bárcena J.F., Juanes J.A., Ondiviela B., Sámano M.L.,

 Fuente: Journal of Environmental Management, 136, pp.76–84.

 Editorial: Academic Press

 Año de publicación: 2014

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.01.042

 ISSN: 0301-4797,1095-8630

 Proyecto español: CGL 2009-10620 ; CTM 2009-11206

 Url de la publicación: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.01.042