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Can a GIS toolbox assess the environmental risk of oil spills? Implementation for oil facilities in harbors

Abstract: Oil spills are one of the most widespread problems in port areas (loading/unloading of bulk liquid, fuel supply). Specific environmental risk analysis procedures for diffuse oil sources that are based on the evolution of oil in the marine environment are needed. Diffuse sources such as oil spills usually present a lack of information, which makes the use of numerical models an arduous and occasionally impossible task. For that reason, a tool that can assess the risk of oil spills in near-shore areas by using Geographical Information System (GIS) is presented. The SPILL Tool provides immediate results by automating the process without miscalculation errors. The tool was developed using the Python and ArcGIS scripting library to build a non-ambiguous geoprocessing workflow. The SPILL Tool was implemented for oil facilities at Tarragona Harbor (NE Spain) and validated showing a satisfactory correspondence (around 0.60 RSR error index) with the results obtained using a 2D calibrated oil transport numerical model.

 Fuente: Journal of Environmental Management Volume 170, 1 April 2016, Pages 105–115

 Editorial: Academic Press

 Fecha de publicación: 01/04/2016

 Nº de páginas: 11

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.01.012

 ISSN: 0301-4797,1095-8630

 Proyecto español: BIA2012-34123

 Url de la publicación: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.01.012