Optical fiber sensors by direct laser processing: a review

Abstract: The consolidation of laser micro/nano processing technologies has led to a continuous increase in the complexity of optical fiber sensors. This new avenue offers novel possibilities for advanced sensing in a wide set of application sectors and, especially in the industrial and medical fields. In this review, the most important transducing structures carried out by laser processing in optical fiber are shown. The work covers different types of fiber Bragg gratings with an emphasis in the direct-write technique and their most interesting inscription configurations. Along with gratings, cladding waveguide structures in optical fibers have reached notable importance in the development of new optical fiber transducers. That is why a detailed study is made of the different laser inscription configurations that can be adopted, as well as their current applications. Microcavities manufactured in optical fibers can be used as both optical transducer and hybrid structure to reach advanced soft-matter optical sensing approaches based on optofluidic concepts. These in-fiber cavities manufactured by femtosecond laser irradiation followed by chemical etching are promising tools for biophotonic devices. Finally, the enhanced Rayleigh backscattering fibers by femtosecond laser dots inscription are also discussed, as a consequence of the new sensing possibilities they enable.

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 Autoría: Pallarés-Aldeiturriaga D., Roldán-Varona P., Rodríguez-Cobo L., López-Higuera J.M.,

 Fuente: Sensors, 2020, 20(23), 6971

Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 06/12/2020

Nº de páginas: 37

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/s20236971

ISSN: 1424-8220

Proyecto español: TEC2016-76021-C2-2-R ; PID2019- 107270RB-C21