Coal fly ash-clay based geopolymer-incorporating electric arc furnace dust (EAFD): leaching behavior and geochemical modeling

Abstract: The recent recovery processes of electric arc furnace dust (EAFD) include stabilization within materials with potential uses in the construction sector. The stabilization of EAFD by alkaline activation of different alumina-silicates, resulting in low-cost and environmentally friendly materials. The leaching standards within the different European regulations allow evaluating waste materials and products. This work aims to study the introduction of EAFD in FA?clay geopolymers, assessing the environmental and geochemical behavior in two different scenarios, disposal, and utilization. For it, the compliance equilibrium-based batch test (EN 12457-2) and pH dependence test (EN 14429) have been used. The dosages of EAFD in the geopolymeric matrix are 5% to 20% with curing temperatures of 75 C and 225 C. The introduction of EAFD favors the development of the flexural strength. From the environmental point of view, metals related to EAFD, such as Zn, Pb, or Cu, are retained in the matrix. While As or Se, comes mainly from clay, present a high concentration. Therefore, the role of clay should be analyzed in future research. As expected by the high iron content in the EAFD, the iron complexes on the surface of the material are responsible for immobilization of metals in this type of matrix.

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 Autoría: Cifrian E., Dacuba J., Llano T., Díaz-Fernández M.D.C., Andrés A.,

 Fuente: Applied Sciences, 2021, 11(2), 810

Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 16/01/2021

Nº de páginas: 17

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.3390/app11020810

ISSN: 2076-3417