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A machine learning approach to detect Parkinson's disease by looking at gait alterations

Abstract: Parkinson's disease (PD) is often detected only in later stages, when about 50% of nigrostriatal dopaminergic projections have already been lost. Thus, there is a need for biomarkers to monitor the earliest phases, especially for those that are at higher risk. In this work, we explore the use of machine learning methods to diagnose PD by analyzing gait alterations via an inertial sensors system that participants in the study wear while walking down a 15 m long corridor in three different scenarios. To achieve this goal, we have trained six well-known machine learning models: support vector machines, logistic regression, neural networks, k nearest neighbors, decision trees and random forest. We thoroughly explored several ways to mitigate the problems derived from the small amount of available data. We found that, while achieving accuracy rates of over 70% is quite common, the accuracy of the best model trained is only slightly above the 80% mark. This model has high precision and specificity (over 90%), but lower sensitivity (only 71%). We believe that these results are promising, especially given the size of the population sample (41 PD patients and 36 healthy controls), and that this research venue should be further explored. View Full-Text

 Fuente: Mathematics 2022, 10(19), 3500

 Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 25/09/2022

 Nº de páginas: 25

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/math10193500

 ISSN: 2227-7390

 Proyecto español: PID2020-114593GA-I00

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/math10193500