Abstract: Background: Subcutaneous administration of Eprex(®) (epoetin alfa) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) was contraindicated in the European Union between 2002 and 2006 after increased reports of anti-erythropoietin antibody-mediated pure red cell aplasia (PRCA). The Prospective Immunogenicity Surveillance Registry (PRIMS) was conducted to estimate the incidence of antibody-mediated PRCA with subcutaneous administration of a new coated-stopper syringe presentation of Eprex(®) and to compare this with the PRCA incidence with subcutaneous NeoRecormon(®) (epoetin beta) and Aranesp(®) (darbepoetin alfa).
Methods: PRIMS was a multicentre, multinational, non-interventional, parallel-group, immunogenicity surveillance registry. Adults with CKD receiving or about to initiate subcutaneous Eprex(®), NeoRecormon(®) or Aranesp(®) for anaemia were enrolled and followed for up to 3 years. Unexplained loss or lack of effect (LOE), including suspected PRCA, was reported, with antibody testing for confirmation of PRCA.
Results: Of the 15 333 patients enrolled, 5948 received Eprex(®) (8377 patient-years) and 9356 received NeoRecormon(®)/Aranesp(®) (14 286 patient-years). No treatment data were available for 29 patients. Among 23 patients with LOE, five cases of PRCA were confirmed (Eprex(®), n = 3; NeoRecormon(®), n = 1; Aranesp(®), n = 1). Based on exposed time, PRCA incidence was 35.8/100 000 patient-years (95% CI 7.4-104.7) for Eprex(®) versus 14.0/100 000 patient-years (95% CI 1.7-50.6) for NeoRecormon(®)/Aranesp(®). The incidence of PRCA with Eprex(®) was not significantly different versus comparator ESAs (rate ratio: 2.56; 95% CI 0.43-15.31). An analysis based on observed time produced similar findings.
Conclusion: This large, prospective registry demonstrates that PRCA is rare with subcutaneous administration of either the new coated-stopper syringe presentation of Eprex(®), or NeoRecormon(®) or Aranesp(®).
Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria
Fuente: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 2015, 30(3), 451-460
Editorial: Oxford University Press
Año de publicación: 2015
Nº de páginas: 10
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista