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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 15 caused by missense variants in the ITPR1 gene

Abstract: Background and purpose: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 15 (SCA15) is a degenerative, adult onset autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, caused almost exclusively by deletions in the inositol 1,4,5 triphosphate receptor type 1 (ITPR1) gene (ITPR1). ITPR1 mediates cal-cium release from the endoplasmic reticulum, and particularly abounds in Purkinje cells. It plays a pivotal role in excitatory and inhibitory actions on Purkinje cells, and alterations in their balance cause cerebellar dysfunction in ITPR1 knockout mice. To date, only two single missense mutations have been reported to cause SCA15. They were considered pathogenic because cosegregation occurred with disease, and haploinsufficiency was hy-pothesized as their pathogenic mechanism.Methods: In this study, three Caucasian kindreds with different heterozygous missense variants in ITPR1 are reported. The main clinical manifestation was a slowly progressive gait ataxia with onset after 40 years of age, with chorea in two patients and hand tremor in another one, concordant with manifestations found in SCA15.Results: The three missense variants identified in ITPR1 were c.1594G>A; p.(Ala532Thr) in Kindred A, c.56C>T; p.(Ala19Val) in Kindred B, and c.256G>A; p.(Ala86Thr) in Kindred C. Every variant was labelled as of unknown significance; however, each one cosegre-gated with disease and was predicted to be pathogenic by in silico tests.Conclusions: The three ITPR1 missense variants found in this study exhibited cosegrega-tion with disease, a result that sustains their pathogenicity. Further studies are needed to confirm the role of missense mutations in SCA15.

 Fuente: European Journal of Neurology, 2023, 30(8), 2539-2543

 Editorial: Wiley

 Fecha de publicación: 08/05/2023

 Nº de páginas: 5

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1111/ene.15840

 ISSN: 1351-5101,1468-1331

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.15840