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HyWaves: Hybrid downscaling of multimodal wave spectra to nearshore areas

Abstract: Long-term and accurate wave hindcast databases are often required in different coastal engineering projects. The assessment of the nearshore wave climate is often accomplished by using downscaling techniques to translate offshore waves to coastal areas. However, dynamical downscaling approaches may incur huge computational cost. Additionally, the common use of bulk parameterizations are often not accurate for multidimensional waves. To overcome these limitations, we present a hybrid downscaling approach that combines mathematical algorithms (statistical downscaling) and numerical modeling (dynamical downscaling) over the individual spectral partitions. Every wave partition is downscaled and aggregated afterward by using principles of wave linear theory. By assuming linearity in the propagation of the wave celerity, the application of the method is limited from offshore to intermediate water depths. In addition, the method proposed uses a technique to simplify the spectral boundary conditions in complex domains. The methodology has been applied and validated in the island states of Samoa, American Samoa, Majuro, and Kwajalein, showing good skill at reproducing the spectral hourly time series of significant wave height, peak period, and peak direction. Moreover, an accurate representation of the observed energy spectrum was achieved. This study provides insight into the numerical approximation of the combined sea-swell states while improving the quality of fast spectral forecasting and early warning systems.

 Autoría: Ricondo A., Cagigal L., Rueda A., Hoeke R., Storlazzi C.D., Méndez F.J.,

 Fuente: Ocean Modelling, 2023, 184, 102210

 Editorial: Elsevier Ltd

 Fecha de publicación: 01/08/2023

 Nº de páginas: 11

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2023.102210

 ISSN: 1463-5003,1463-5011

 Proyecto español: PID2019-107053RB-I00

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2023.102210