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Mixed matrix membranes using porous organic polymers (POPs) - influence of textural properties on CO2/CH4 separation

Abstract: Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) provide the opportunity to test new porous materials in challenging applications. A series of low-cost porous organic polymer (POPs) networks, possessing tunable porosity and high CO2 uptake, has been obtained by aromatic electrophilic substitution reactions of biphenyl, 9,10-dihydro-9,10-dimethyl-9,10-ethanoanthracene (DMDHA), triptycene and 1,3,5-triphenylbenzene (135TPB) with dimethoxymethane (DMM). These materials have been characterized by FTIR, 13C NMR, WAXD, TGA, SEM, and CO2 uptake. Finally, different loadings of these POPs have been introduced into Matrimid, Pebax, and chitosan:polyvinyl alcohol blends as polymeric matrices to prepare MMMs. The CO2/CH4 separation performance of these MMMs has been evaluated by single and mixed gas permeation experiments at 4 bar and room temperature. The effect of the porosity of the porous fillers on the membrane separation behavior and the compatibility between them and the different polymer matrices on membrane design and fabrication has been studied by Maxwell model equations as a function of the gas permeability of the pure polymers, porosity, and loading of the fillers in the MMMs. Although the gas transport properties showed an increasing deviation from ideal Maxwell equation prediction with increasing porosity of the POP fillers and increasing hydrophilicity of the polymer matrices, the behavior of biopolymer-based CS:PVA MMMs approached that of Pebax-based MMMs, giving scope to not only new filler materials but also sustainable polymer choices to find a place in membrane technology.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Polymers, 2023, 15(20), 4135

Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 18/10/2023

Nº de páginas: 22

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/polym15204135

ISSN: 2073-4360

Proyecto español: PID2019-109403RB-C22

Autores/as

MATESANZ NIÑO, LAURA

JORGE MORANCHEL PÉREZ

ÁLVAREZ SANCHO, CRISTINA

LOZANO LÓPEZ, ÁNGEL EMILIO