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Mechanical performance of recycled reinforced polyamide from rejected railway fastenings flanged plates

Abstract: The superstructure of modern railway lines uses tons of technical polymeric material spread along the track with mechanical, insulating and damping functions. Many of these parts are rejected because they do not pass the quality controls, generating a large accumulation of plastic waste of high economic value. Therefore, this study is aimed at determining the optimum degree of recyclability by mechanical crushing of geometrically defective (and so rejected) railway fastenings flanged plates injected with short fiberglass-reinforced polyamide. After recycling, the material must guarantee its physical and mechanical properties required to ensure the future in-service conditions of the highly responsible components that guarantee the maintenance of the railway gauge. Viscosity, mechanical properties (tensile test), Charpy and fracture toughness as well as fatigue performance were determined for ten successive recyclings. It has been found that the drop of viscosity is the most restrictive limitation, allowing three recyclings of the material. All the properties measured have experienced a noticeable reduction after 10 recyclings. Specifically, viscosity is reduced by 15%, ultimate strength by 70%, yield stress by 41% strain under maximum load lost by 70%, Young?s modulus lost by 38%, Charpy impact strength by 70%, fatigue resistance by 69% and fracture toughness lost by 80%. With the development of this study and taking into account that the market price of the flanged plates is valued at approximately 8 k /km, of which around 5 k /km corresponds to the raw material, the recovery of this material not only represents a great environmental benefit but also an economic one.

 Autoría: Diego S., Casado J., Carrascal I., Sainz-Aja J., Ferreño D.,

 Fuente: Polymers, 2022, 14(22), 4940

 Año de publicación: 2022

 Nº de páginas: 23

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/polym14224940

 ISSN: 2073-4360