Estamos realizando la búsqueda. Por favor, espere...

Comparative assessment of two circularity indicators for the case of reusable versus single-use secondary packages for fresh foods in Spain

Abstract: Sustainable packaging is a crucial focus in the context of circular economy efforts. This study evaluates the circularity of two secondary packaging systems used in Spanish fresh food produces: Reusable Plastic Crates and Single-use Cardboard Boxes. A Mass Flow Analysis was performed to assess the material flows in the production and use phases of both systems and two circular indicators were applied: the Material Circularity Indicator and Product Circular Indicator. While most previous studies for single-use packaging use these indicators at the product level, this study applies a system approach since the Reusable Plastic Crates can be reused 100 times. The functional unit was defined as the distribution of 1000 tonnes of fresh products, resulting in the distribution of 6,666,700 packages with 15 kg of products. The Material Circularity Indicator and Product Circular Indicator results show that Reusable Plastic Crates are more circular than Singleuse Cardboard Boxes. The Product Circular Indicator provides a more comprehensive assessment of circularity by considering multiple life cycle stages, efficiency, and unrecoverable waste, resulting in a difference in circularity evaluations. The indicators used have limitations as they do not consider the resource stock. Further research is needed to explore this aspect.

 Autoría: Sazdovski I., Batlle-Bayer L., Bala A., Margallo M., Azarkamand S., Aldaco R., Fullana-i-Palmer P.,

 Fuente: Heliyon, 2024, 10(6), e27922

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 30/03/2024

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e27922

 ISSN: 2405-8440

 Proyecto español: PID2019-104925RB-C33

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e27922