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Amyloid imaging with 11C-PIB in patients with cognitive impairment in a clinical setting. A visual and semiquantitative analysis

Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate amyloid imaging with 11C-PIB PET/CT in the study of cognitive impairment in a clinical setting. Patients and Methods: The study included 64 patients, with a mean age of 65 years, classified as subjective memory complaints (SMCs; n = 8), no amnestic mild cognitive impairment (NA-MCI; n = 10), amnestic MCI (A-MCI; n = 19), prodromal Alzheimer disease (AD; n = 12), suspicion of frontotemporal dementia (n = 8), Lewy bodies dementia (DLB; n = 2), and cortical degeneration (CD; n = 5). Ten healthy controls (HCs), with a mean age of 59 years, were also included. 11C-PIB was acquired 60 minutes after IV injection of 555 MBq 11C-PIB. A visual and semiquantitative analysis was performed. Results: In HC, 11C-PIB was negative in 9 and positive in 1. Of the 64 patients, 11C-PIB was negative in 27 (42%) and positive in 37 (58%). 11C-PIB was positive in 3 of 8 SMC, in none of 10 NA-MCI, in 14 of 19 A-MCI, in 10 of 12 prodromal AD, in 3 of 8 frontotemporal dementia, and in the 2 and 5 DLB and CD patients. The semiquantitative results in terms of mean global SUV ratio were 1.13 for HC, 1.36 for SMC, 1.07 for NA-MCI, 2.01 for A-MCI, 2.37 for prodromal AD, 2.75 for DLB, and 2.44 for CD. Conclusions: In a clinical setting, 11C-PIB scan had a relevant contribution on patients with cognitive impairment, excluding Adin a high proportion of MCI patients and differentiating AD from other dementias. In A-MCI, 11C-PIB revealed ß-amyloid deposit in 74%, whereas it was negative in all NA-MCI patients.

 Fuente: Clinical Nuclear Medicine, 2016, 41(1), e18-23

Editorial: Lippincott

 Fecha de publicación: 01/01/2016

Nº de páginas: 6

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1097/RLU.0000000000000934

ISSN: 0363-9762,1536-0229

Autoría

JULIO FRANCISCO JIMENEZ BONILLA

BANZO, IGNACIO

ARCOCHA TORRES, MARÍA DE

Mª ISABEL MARTINEZ RODRIGUEZ

PASCUAL SANCHEZ JUAN

JOSE MANUEL CARRIL CARRIL