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Preparation and identification of optimal synthesis conditions for a novel alkaline anion-exchange membrane

Abstract: The physicochemical and mechanical properties of new alkaline anion-exchange membranes (AAEMs) based on chitosan (CS) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) polymers doped with unsupported copper nanoparticles (NPs) and copper exchanged over different porous materials were investigated regarding ion-exchange capacity (IEC), OH- conductivity, water uptake (WU), water vapor permeability (WVP), and thermal and mechanical resistance. The influence of the type of filler included in different morphologies and filler loading has been explored using copper exchanged materials such as the layered porous titanosilicate AM-4, layered stannosilicate UZAR-S3, and zeolites Y, MOR, and BEA. Compared to commercially available anion-exchange membranes, the best performing membranes in terms of WU, IEC, OH- conductivity and WVP in this study were those containing 10 wt % of Cu-AM-4 and Cu-UZAR-S3, although 10 wt % Cu-MOR provided better mechanical strength at close values of WVP and anion conductivity. It was also observed that when Cu was exchanged in a porous silicate matrix, its oxidation state was lower than when embedded as unsupported metal NPs. In addition, the statistical analysis of variance determined that the electrochemical properties of the membranes were noticeably affected by both the type and filler loading, and influenced also by the copper oxidation state and content in the membrane, but their hydrophilic properties were more affected by the polymers. The largest significant effects were noticed on the water sorption and transport properties, which gives scope for the design of AAEMs for electrochemical and water treatment applications.

 Autoría: Marcos-Madrazo A., Casado-Coterillo C., García-Cruz L., Iniesta J., Simonelli L., Sebastián V., Encabo-Berzosa M., Arruebo M., Irabien Á.,

 Fuente: Polymers, 2018, 10(8), 913

Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 13/08/2018

Nº de páginas: 19

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/polym10080913

ISSN: 2073-4360

Proyecto español: CTQ2016-76231-C2-1-R

Autores/as

GARCÍA CRUZ, LETICIA

INIESTA VALCÁRCEL, JESÚS

SIMONELLI, LAURA

SEBASTIÁN CABEZA, VÍCTOR

ENCABO BERZOSA, MARÍA DEL MAR

ARRUEBO GORDO, MANUEL