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Trauma and psychosis: the mediating role of premorbid adjustment and recent stressful events in a 3-year longitudinal study

Abstract: Background Some of the most-studied environmental factors that can contribute to the development of psychosis are the adversities experienced at an early age. Among these, childhood interpersonal trauma (CIT) has been considered especially influential in the onset of the disease. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between CIT and the first episode of psychosis (FEP), as well as the relationship between CIT and clinical and functional outcomes 3 years after illness onset. Methods A total of 278 patients with a FEP and 52 healthy controls were studied. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to examine the explained variation by CIT at the beginning of psychosis. Recent stressful events and premorbid adjustment related to CIT, were introduced in path analyses to determine their mediating effects between CIT and the disease and its clinical and functional results. Results Mediation analyses showed that CIT was indirectly associated with belonging to the FEP group through recent stressful events (Effect = 0.981; SE = 0.323; CI = 0.485 to 1.761). Premorbid academic adjustment in late adolescence mediated the relationship between CIT and clinical and functional outcomes, specifically in the measurements of the Scales for Assessment of Positive and Negative Symptoms, in the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and in the Disability Assessment Scale. Conclusions These findings suggest that early traumatic experiences play an important role in the FEP. Early intervention that promotes good academic adjustment during adolescence and/or avoids retraumatisation could positively impact both the onset and the course of psychotic illness.

 Fuente: Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2022, 155, 279-285

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2022

 Nº de páginas: 7

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2022.09.029

 ISSN: 0022-3956,1879-1379

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2022.09.029