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Cortical thickness correlates of psychotic experiences: examining the effect of season of birth using a genetically informative design

Abstract: Season of birth has been shown to influence risk for several neuropsychiatric diseases. Furthermore, it has been suggested that season of birth modifies a number of brain morphological traits. Since cortical thickness alterations have been reported across some levels of the psychosis-spectrum, this study was aimed at i) assessing the scarcely explored relationship between cortical thickness and severity of subclinical psychotic experiences (PEs) in healthy subjects, and ii) evaluating the potential impact of season of birth in the preceding thickness-PEs relationship. As both PEs and brain cortical features are heritable, the current work used monozygotic twins to separately evaluate familial and unique environmental factors. High-resolution structural MRI scans of 48 twins (24 monozygotic pairs) were analyzed to estimate cortical thickness using FreeSurfer. They were then examined in relation to PEs, accounting for the effects of birth season; putative differential relationships between PEs and cortical thickness depending on season of birth were also tested. Current results support previous findings indicative of cortical thickening in healthy individuals with high psychometrically assessed psychosis scores, probably in line with theories of compensatory aspects of brain features in non-clinical populations. Additionally, they suggest distinct patterns of cortical thickness-PEs relationships depending on birth seasonality. Familial factors underlying the presence of PEs may drive these effects.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2014, 56, 144-149

Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2014

Nº de páginas: 6

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.05.014

ISSN: 0022-3956,1879-1379

Proyecto español: SAF2008-05674-C03-01; 05674-C03-01

Autores/as

CÓRDOVA PALOMERA, A

ALEMANY, S

FALCÓN, C

BARGALLÓ, N

GOLDBERG, X

BENEDICTO CRESPO FACORRO

NENADIC, I

FAÑANÁS, L