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Latitudinal gradient in dairy production with the introduction of farming in Atlantic Europe

Abstract: The introduction of farming had far-reaching impacts on health, social structure and demography. Although the spread of domesticated plants and animals has been extensively tracked, it is unclear how these nascent economies developed within different environmental and cultural settings. Using molecular and isotopic analysis of lipids from pottery, here we investigate the foods prepared by the earliest farming communities of the European Atlantic seaboard. Surprisingly, we find an absence of aquatic foods, including in ceramics from coastal sites, except in the Western Baltic where this tradition continued from indigenous ceramic using hunter-gatherer-fishers. The frequency of dairy products in pottery increased as farming was progressively introduced along a northerly latitudinal gradient. This finding implies that early farming communities needed time to adapt their economic practices before expanding into more northerly areas. Latitudinal differences in the scale of dairy production might also have influenced the evolution of adult lactase persistence across Europe.

 Autoría: Cubas M., Lucquin A., Robson H.K., Colonese A.C., Arias P., Aubry B., Billard C., Jan D., Diniz M., Fernandes R., Fábregas Valcarce R., Germain-Vallée C., Juhel L., de Lombera-Hermida A., Marcigny C., Mazet S., Marchand G., Neves C., Ontañón-Peredo R., Rodríguez-Álvarez X.P., Simões T., Zilhão J., Craig O.E.,

 Fuente: Nature Communications, (2020) 11:2036

 Editorial: Nature Publishing Group

 Año de publicación: 2020

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-15907-4

 ISSN: 2041-1723

Autoría

CUBAS, MIRIAM

LUCQUIN, ALEXANDRE

ROBSON, HARRY K.

COLONESE, ANDRÉ CARLO

AUBRY, BRUNO

BILLARD, CYRILLE

JAN, DENIS

DINIZ, MARIANA

FERNANDES, RICARDO

FÁBREGAS VALCARCE, RAMÓN

GERMAIN-VALLÉE, CÉCILE

JUHEL, LAURENT

LOMBERA-HERMIDA, ARTURO DE

MARCIGNY, CYRIL

MAZET, SYLVAIN

MARCHAND, GRÉGOR

NEVES, CESAR

ROBERTO ONTAÑON PEREDO

RODRÍGUEZ-ÁLVAREZ, XOSÉ PEDRO