Buscar

Estamos realizando la búsqueda. Por favor, espere...

 Detalle_Publicacion

Relationship between disease characteristics and circulating interleukin 6 in a well-characterized cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Abstract: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a proinflammatory cytokine that mediates pleiotropic functions in immune responses and inflammatory diseases. The literature lacks studies, with a clinical perspective, on the relationship between IL-6 serum levels and the characteristics of the disease in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In the present work, we aimed to analyze the association between circulating IL-6 and disease manifestations in a well-characterized series of patients with SLE. Serum IL-6 levels and disease activity (SLEDAI-2K), severity (Katz) and damage index (SLICC-DI), complete lipid profile, and subclinical carotid atherosclerosis were evaluated in 284 patients with SLE. In addition, a complete characterization of the complement system was performed in samples from patients with SLE. A multivariate linear regression analysis was carried out to study the relationship between clinical and laboratory characteristics of the disease and IL-6 levels. Age (beta coef. 0.07 [95%CI 0.01?0.1] pg/mL, p = 0.014), C-reactive protein (beta coef. 0.21 [95%CI 0.16-0.25] pg/mL, p < 0.01), and male gender (beta coef. 2 [95%CI 0.3?0.5] pg/mL, p = 0.024), were positively associated with higher IL-6 levels in SLE patients. Most disease characteristics and damage and activity indices did not show significant relationships with IL-6. However, after multivariate analysis, IL-6 was associated with lower serum levels of HDL cholesterol (beta coef. -0.04 [95%CI -0.08-(-0.1)] pg/mL, p = 0.011), and apolipoprotein A1 (beta coef. -0.02 [95%CI -0.04-(-0.001)] pg/mL, p = 0.035). In contrast, the alternative complement cascade, C1inh, and C3a were all positively and independently associated with higher serum levels of IL-6. Moreover, stratification of the Systematic Coronary Risk Assessment 2 (SCORE2) results according to different categories of cardiovascular risk was associated with higher circulating serum IL-6 levels (beta coef. 0.2 [95%CI 0.02?0.4], pg/mL, p = 0.028). In conclusion, in a large series of SLE patients, IL-6 was not associated with disease-related features of SLE, including damage, severity, or activity indices. However, an association was found between serum IL-6 levels and circulating C3a and cardiovascular risk. Our study emphasizes the importance that IL-6 could have in cardiovascular disease and complement system disruption of SLE patients. Therapies targeting IL-6 could have a role in these two clinical manifestations of patients with SLE.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2023, 24, 14006

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 14

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/ijms241814006

ISSN: 1661-6596,1422-0067

Autoría

MERCADER-SALVANS, JULIA

GARCÍA-GONZÁLEZ, MARÍA

GÓMEZ-BERNAL, FUENSANTA

QUEVEDO-ABELEDO, JUAN C.

VERA-GONZÁLEZ, ANTONIA DE

GONZÁLEZ-DELGADO, ALEJANDRA

RAQUEL LOPEZ MEJIAS

MARTÍN-GONZÁLEZ, CANDELARIA