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Photosensitizer nanocarriers modeling for photodynamic therapy applied to dermatological diseases

Abstract: Photodynamic Therapy involves the therapeutic use of photosensitizers in combination with visible light. The subsequent photochemical reactions generate reactive oxygen species which are considered the principal cytotoxic agents to induce cell death. This technique has become widely used in medicine to treat tumors and other nonmalignant diseases. However, there are several factors related to illumination or the photosensitizer that limit an optimal treatment outcome. The use of nanoparticles (NP) for PDT has been proposed as a solution to current shortcomings. In this way, there are NPs that act as carriers for photosensitizers, NPs that absorb the light and transfer the energy to the photosensitizer and NPs that are themselves photodynamically active. In dermatology, the use of topical photosensitizers produces a time dependent inhomogeneous distribution within the tumor, where the stratum corneum is the main barrier to the diffusion of the photosensitizer to the deeper layers of skin. This produces an insufficient photosensitizer accumulation in tumor tissues and therefore, a low therapeutic efficiency in the case of deep lesions. This work focuses in the use of NPs as photosensitizer carriers to improve the actual topical drug distribution in malignant skin tissues. We present a mathematical model of PS distribution in tumor tissue using NPs that takes into account parameters related to nanoparticles binding. Once the concentration profile of NPs into tissue is obtained, we use a photochemical model which allows us to calculate the temporal evolution of reactive oxygen species according to PS distribution calculated previously from NPs profile.

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 Autoría: Salas-García I., Fanjul-Vélez F., Ortega-Quijano N., López-Escobar M., Arce-Diego J.,

 Congreso: Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy (20ª : 2011 : San Francisco, California)

 Editorial: SPIE Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

 Fecha de publicación: 10/02/2011

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Comunicación a Congreso

 DOI: 10.1117/12.875070

 ISSN: 0277-786X,1996-756X

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.875070