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The framingham score and the systematic coronary risk evaluation at low cutoff values are useful surrogate markers of high-risk subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract: Objective. We determined the performance of the Framingham score and the Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) in assessing high-risk atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. We assembled 330 cases without established cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, and moderate or severe chronic kidney disease among 451 consecutive Spanish patients who underwent CVD risk screening and carotid ultrasound-determined plaque assessment. The findings were validated in 90 black and 97 white African patients. Results. When sensitivity for the Framingham score was set at 80% in receiver-operator curve analysis [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.799], the corresponding cutoff value and specificity were 7.3% and 63%, respectively. At a specificity of 80%, the cutoff value and sensitivity were 10.8% and 65%, respectively. When sensitivity for SCORE (AUC = 0.747) was set at 80%, the cutoff value and specificity were 0.5% and 58%, respectively. At a specificity of 80%, the cutoff value and sensitivity were 1.5% and 50%, respectively. Upon applying a cutoff value of 7.3% for the Framingham and 0.5% for SCORE in African white patients with RA, the corresponding sensitivities and specificities were 67% and 72%, and 67% and 55%, respectively. CVD risk equations did not discriminate between black African patients with and without plaque (AUC = 0.544 and 0.549 for Framingham score and SCORE, respectively). Conclusion. The Framingham score and SCORE at markedly low cutoff values of 7.3% to 10.8% and 0.5% to 1.5%, respectively, can usefully estimate plaque presence in RA. Effective population-specific CVD risk assessment strategies are needed in black African patients with RA. (First Release January 15 2016; J Rheumatol 2016;43:486?94; doi:10.3899/jrheum.150510)

 Autoría: Dessein P.H., Corrales A., Lopez-Mejias R., Solomon A., Woodiwiss A.J., Llorca J., Norton G.R., Genre F., Blanco R., Pina T., Gonzalez-Juanatey C., Tsang L., Gonzalez-Gay M.A.,

 Fuente: Journal of Rheumatology, 2016, 43, 3

 Editorial: The Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Company Limited

 Año de publicación: 2016

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.150510

 ISSN: 0315-162X

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.150510

Autoría

DESSEIN, PATRICK H.

CORRALES, ALFONSO

LÓPEZ-MEJÍAS, RAQUEL

SOLOMON, AHMED

WOODIWISS, ANGELA J.

FRANCISCO JAVIER LLORCA DIAZ

NORTON, GAVIN R.

GENRE, FERNANDA

PINA, TRINITARIO

GONZÁLEZ-JUANATEY, CARLOS

TSANG, LINDA