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Lactose and galactose content in spanish cheeses: usefulness in the dietary treatment of tatients with galactosaemia

Abstract: In galactosaemia, a strict galactose-free diet is necessary to prevent or resolve acute symptoms in infants. However, because the body produces up to 10 times more galactose than is found in a galactose-restricted diet, excessively restrictive diets should be avoided in children and adults to prevent nutritional deficiencies. Since cheese is a nutritional source of the calcium necessary for bone health, the latest international guidelines on the management of classical galactosaemia (2017) allow the consumption of cured cheeses with less than 25 mg of galactose/100 g and recommend that each country verifies the adequacy of the cheeses, since most mature cheeses do not always have a lower galactose content. In total, 32 cheese samples were purchased (19 Spanish and 13 international cheeses), and their lactose and galactose contents were analysed using ion chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (IC-PAD). Five Spanish cheeses contained less than 25 mg of galactose/100 g: García Baquero semi-cured cheese; Hacendado, Gran Reserva and Mahón cured cheeses; and García Baquero Reserva 12-month cured cheese. In addition, eight international cheeses were confirmed as suitable: Comté, Gouda, Gruyere, Maasdam, Parmigiano, Edam, Emmental, and some samples of Cheddar. In addition to the well-known low-galactose Swiss and Dutch cheeses, according to the current results, five Spanish cheeses can be safely consumed. The greater availability of types of cheese favours better bone health in patients with galactosaemia

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Nutrients, 2023, 15, 594

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 11

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/nu15030594

ISSN: 2072-6643

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15030594

Autoría

VITORIA, ISIDRO

MELENDRERAS, FUENSANTA

VÁZQUEZ-PALAZÓN, ANTONIO

RAUSELL, DOLORES

CORRECHER, PATRICIA

GARCÍA-PERIS, MÓNICA