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‘Small-scale’ tourism versus traditional tourism: Which will be the new key to achieve the desired sustainable tourism?

Abstract: The tourism sector after COVID-19 has raised different concerns that have lead to a development towards a more sustainable model of tourism. After the health crisis, the increase in environmental awareness of tourists has become evident. In this context, the great paradigm of "small-scale" tourism has been developed as opposed to traditional tourism. The present work seeks to contribute to sustainable development in the Spanish tourism sector, comparing a hostel in Cantabria (considered as "small scale" /religious tourism) and a hotel in Lloret de Mar (considered as a traditional tourism) one using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology to verify advantages and disadvantages of both types of tourism. The functional unit (FU) used was "per guest night with breakfast included". The results have revealed similar results for both establishments in all impact categories, as can be seen in its contribution to Climate Change (4.41 kg CO2 eq./FU caused by the hotel and 4.78 kg CO2 eq./FU by the hostel). The electricity consumption and the impact of the breakfast in the hostel were identified as main contributors to environmental burdens (with 76.72 % of the hotel's impact to climate change and 77.36 % for the hostel); hence, improvement opportunities envisaged were focused on these critical points. On the one hand, a biomass boiler, a solar water-heating system and a hybrid solar/biomass heating are considered a more sustainable alternatives related to electricity. Natural gas and diesel Consumption, respectively. On the other hand, oatmeal, Greek yoghurt and berries are good options for a breakfast with a reduced environmental impact. It is also important to implement responsible and green practices in order to achieve more environmentally sustainable alternative and traditional accommodations. Therefore, it can be concluded by stating that LCA is a tool capable of identifying and studying the processes with the highest environmental impact in order to find out the most sustainable form of tourism.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Autoría: Campos C., Gutiérrez D., Dias A.C., Quinteiro P., Herrero Á., Gallego M., Villanueva-Rey P., Laso J., Albertí J., Fullana-i-Palmer P., Bala A., Mélon L., Fullana M., Sazdovski I., Roca M., Xifré R., Margallo M., Aldaco R.,

 Fuente: Science of the Total Environment, 2024, 912, 168964

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 20/02/2024

Nº de páginas: 11

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.168964

ISSN: 0048-9697,1879-1026

 Proyecto europeo: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/SUDOE/SOE3%2FP3%2Feo865/ SUDOE efficient energy for public social housing/GREENTOUR/

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.168964

Autoría

CRISTINA CAMPOS HERRERO

DAVID GUTIERREZ FERNANDEZ

ANA CLAUDIA DIAS

QUINTEIRO, PAULA

GALLEGO, MARÍA

PEDRO VILLANUEVA REY

ALBERTI, JAUME

PERE FULLANA I PALMER

ALBA BALA GALA

MELÓN, LELA

FULLANA, MARGALIDA

SAZDOVSKI, ILIJA

ROCA I PUIGVERT, MERCÈ

XIFRÉ OLIVA, RAMÓN