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Abstract: Objective: Since interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pivotal proinflammatory cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of giant cell arteritis (GCA), we aimed to determine the potential association of the functional IL6 -174 G/C polymorphism with GCA as well as if the single base change variation at the promoter region in the human IL-6 gene may account for differences in the clinical spectrum of GCA between cranial and extracranial large-vessel vasculitis (LVV)-GCA.
Methods: The IL6 -174 G/C polymorphism (rs1800795) was genotyped in 191 patients with biopsy-proven GCA who had typical cranial manifestations of the disease, 109 patients with extracranial LVV-GCA, without cranial ischaemic manifestations of GCA, and 877 ethnically matched unaffected controls. A comparative study was carried out between patients with cranial and extracranial LVV-GCA and controls.
Results: No significant differences in genotype and allele frequencies of IL6 - 174 G/C polymorphism were found between the whole cohort of GCA patients and healthy controls. It was also the case when cranial and extracranial LVV-GCA were compared or when each of these subgroups was compared to controls. Moreover, no significant results in genotype and allele frequencies of IL6 -174 G/C polymorphism were disclosed when the whole cohort of GCA patients were stratified according to the presence of polymyalgia rheumatica, severe ischaemic manifestations, including permanent visual loss and peripheral arteriopathy, and HLA-DRB1*04:01 status.
Conclusion: Our results show that the IL6 -174 G/C polymorphism does not influence the phenotypic expression of GCA.
Fuente: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, 2023, 41, 910-915
Editorial: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Año de publicación: 2023
Nº de páginas: 6
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
DIANA PRIETO PEÑA
BELÉN ATIENZA MATEO
RICARDO BLANCO ALONSO
MIGUEL ANGEL GONZALEZ-GAY MANTECON