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Vascular involvement in Behçet's disease: ultrasound assessment of femoral vein intima-media thickness, nailfold capillaroscopy and endothelial progenitor cells in a national referral centre

Abstract: Objectives: To assess vascular involvement at different levels in patients with Behçet's disease (BD). Methods: We conducted an observational study of unselected consecutive patients with BD assessed in a national referral centre. Demographic and clinical variables were collected. Common femoral vein (CFV) intima-media thickness (IMT) was measured with a high-resolution Doppler ultrasound (US). Microvascular involvement was evaluated performing a nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC). Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) were measured in peripheral blood of patients and healthy controls (HC) by flow cytometry. Results: A total of 42 patients with BD were evaluated. Clinical vascular manifestations were present in 17 of them. Arterial hypertension was associated with a higher frequency of vascular manifestations (p=0.003). The median [IQR] value of the CFV IMT was significantly higher in patients with vascular manifestations (0.65 [0.45-0.82] vs 0.49 [0.39-0.55]; p= 0.028). The NFC examination was abnormal in 54.8% of the patients, being the most common findings: capillary loop dilation (45.2%), mega capillaries (21.4%) and micro haemorrhages (16.7%). A significant increase in EPC frequency was observed in patients with BD when compared with HC (p=0.011). Conclusions: The assessment of CFV IMT with Doppler US constitutes a useful technique to evaluate clinical vascular involvement in BD patients. Microvascular involvement is not uncommon in BD and can be easily assessed by NFC. Furthermore, EPC may be a useful blood biomarker of the disease

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, 2023, 41, 2008-2016

Editorial: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 9

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

ISSN: 0392-856X,1593-098X

Autoría

PERAL FANJUL, A. DEL

BELÉN ATIENZA MATEO

DIANA PRIETO PEÑA

PULITO CUETO, V.