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Refractory polymyalgia rheumatica as presenting manifestation of large-vessel vasculitis associated to sarcoidosis: successful response to adalimumab

Abstract: Sarcoidosis may present with musculoskeletal features or mimic rheumatic diseases. We report on a patient who had been initially diagnosed as having polymyalgia rheumatica. Because of refractory disease associated to atypical features such as severe inflammatory low back pain, dull and achy pain in the thighs, claudication of the lower limbs and bad response to corticosteroids and methotrexate (MTX), an 18F-fluorodeoxyglucosepositron emission tomography with CT (FDG PET/CT) was performed. This technique disclosed data suggestive of arteritis of large vessels involving the ascending, arch and descending aorta as well as high FDG uptake in the femoral and posterior tibial arteries of both lower extremities. Also, increased FDG uptake was observed in the right paratracheal, retrotracheal, subcarinal, gastrohepatic ligament, coeliac and right renal hilar lymph nodes. Four lymph nodes, taken during mediastinoscopy, confirmed a diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Treatment with adalimumab (40 mg every 2 weeks subcutaneously) along with prednisone and MTX was initiated yielding progressive improvement of symptoms and normalisation of laboratory abnormalities. Five months after the onset of adalimumab a new FDG PET/CT showed complete absence of uptake of lymph nodes as well as decrease of vascular FDG uptake. To our knowledge, this is the first patient treated with adalimumab because of a large-vessel vasculitis in the setting of sarcoidosis refractory to conventional therapy. This case reinforces the claim that sarcoidosis should be considered a diagnostic challenge in the assessment of patients presenting with inflammatory musculoskeletal symptoms.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, 2012, 30(2-Suppl.70), 94-97

Editorial: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology

 Año de publicación: 2012

Nº de páginas: 4

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

ISSN: 0392-856X,1593-098X

Url de la publicación: https://www.clinexprheumatol.org/abstract.asp?a=5362