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The complement system is linked to insulin resistance in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Abstract: Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients more commonly have insulin resistance (IR) than control subjects. Recent studies have revealed that the complement (C) system is not only a mediator of the immune system but is also related to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in the general population. Given that the C alteration is a characteristic of SLE, in the present work we set out to analyse if there is a relationship between the C system and IR in patients with SLE. Methods: New generation functional assays of the three pathways of the C system were performed in 225 non-diabetic patients with SLE. In addition, the serum levels of inactive (C1q, C2, C3, C4, factor D), activated (C3a) and regulators (C1 inhibitor and factor H) molecules of the C system were evaluated. Insulin and C-peptide serum levels were measured, and insulin resistance and indices of beta cell function were calculated using the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA). Metabolic syndrome criteria fulfillments were applied. Multivariable linear regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between C system and IR indices and the presence of metabolic syndrome. Results: After adjusting for covariates that included traditional cardiovascular risk factors associated with IR and prednisone, serum C3a and factor H levels were positively related to higher levels of the HOMA2-IR index. Besides, in the multivariable analysis, after adjustment for covariates, serum levels of C1q and C3 associated with a higher odds ratio for the presence of metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: IR and metabolic syndrome are positively and independently related to higher serum levels of some serum C elements in patients with SLE with a predominant role of the alternative pathway elements.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, 2024, 42(1), 115-121

Editorial: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology

 Año de publicación: 2024

Nº de páginas: 7

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.55563/clinexprheumatol/t2k0hn

ISSN: 0392-856X,1593-098X

Autoría

GARCÍA-GONZÁLEZ, M.

GÓMEZ-BERNAL, F.

QUEVEDO-ABELEDO, J. C.

FERNÁNDEZ-CLADERA, Y.

GONZÁLEZ-RIVERO, A. F.

RAQUEL LOPEZ MEJIAS

FERRAZ-AMARO, I.