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Adherence to inhaled corticosteroids in patients with asthma prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract: The electronic prescription refill rate (EPRR) of 183 consecutive patients was determined over a 19-month retrospective study period, divided into 7 months PRE (Sep-19 to Mar-20) and 12 months POST pandemic (Apr-20 to Mar-21), in order to compare adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in patients with asthma prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Before the pandemic (PRE), an average of 0.58 inhalers/month were refill from the pharmacy; [SD 0.33], very similar to the 0.59 inhalers/month; [SD 0.34] retrieved during the 12 subsequent months since the pandemic (POST) (p=0.768). EPRR showed no differences (p=0.784). When EPRR was dichotomous or ordinal categorised no differences were found either (p=0.851 and 0.928), even when McNemar's test was used (p=0.949), with prevalences of nonadherence (EPRR < 80%) of 57 and 58% respectively. Our results do not support increased adherence to inhaler treatment in terms of EPRR, comparing before and since COVID-19 pandemic. Compliance with prescription remains suboptimal.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Scientific Reports, 2023, 13,13086

Editorial: Nature Publishing Group

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-40213-6

ISSN: 2045-2322

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-40213-6

Autores/as

RODRÍGUEZ, ISABEL

LÓPEZ-CARO, JUAN CARLOS

GONZÁLEZ-CARRANZA, SILVIA

CERRATO, MARÍA ELENA

DE PRADO, MARÍA MAR

GÓMEZ-MOLLEDA, FRANCISCA

PINEL, MARGARITA

SAIZ, MARÍA TERESA

FUENTES, CARMEN

BARREIRO, ESTHER