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Abstract: Numerous cytokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases, and their dysregulation is a main feature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cytokines stimulate signal transduction through several intracellular pathways, including Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathways, leading to changes in cell activation, proliferation and survival. Consequently, agents that selectively target elements of the JAK/STAT pathways have received significant attention in recent years as potential new treatments for the disease. Baricitinib, an oral selective inhibitor of JAK1 and JAK2, offers an effective treatment for RA in a wide range of patients. The in vitro selectivity of different JAK inhibitors is an important consideration given that key cytokines, growth factors and hormone receptors involved in the pathogenesis of RA signal through specific JAKs. However, it is complex and far from understood how the in vitro effects of JAK inhibitors extrapolate into in vivo and clinical effects in individual patients. This narrative review focuses on the clinical efficacy and safety of baricitinib, but also provides an overview of its mechanism of action in relation to JAK1/JAK2 signalling and discusses the possible clinical implications in patients with RA.
Fuente: Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2019 Jul-Aug;37(4):694-704
Editorial: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Año de publicación: 2019
Nº de páginas: 11
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
MIGUEL ANGEL GONZALEZ-GAY MANTECON
TORRE, I. DE LA