Toll-like receptor 2 orchestrates a potent anti-tumor response in non-small cell lung cancerToll-like receptor 2 orchestrates a potent anti-tumor response in non-small cell lung cancerFraser R. Millar, Adam Pennycuick, Morwenna Muir, Andrea Quintanella, Priya Hari, Elisabeth Freyer, Philippe Gautier, Alison Meynert, William AH Wallace, Andrew H Sims, Margaret C. Frame, Luke Boulter, Sam M. Janes, Simon Wilkinson, Juan-Carlos Acosta2021-06-30T22:00:00Z<h3>​Abstract</h3><div><br></div><div>Targeting early-stage lung cancer is vital to improve overall survival. We previously identified Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) as a regulator of oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) and the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), both key for tumor suppression. Here, we demonstrate that TLR2 is widely expressed in human lung tumor epithelium where it correlates with improved survival and clinical regression. Using genetically engineered mouse models of lung cancer we have shown that Tlr2 is a tumor suppressor in lung cancer initiation via regulation of proliferation and the SASP. The SASP is integral in the regulation of immune surveillance of premalignant cells, and we observe impaired myeloid derived immune surveillance following Tlr2 loss. Lastly, we show that administration of a synthetic Tlr2 agonist significantly reduces preinvasive lung tumor growth. Our data highlight an unexpected tumor surveillance pathway in early-stage lung cancer with therapeutic potential. Statement of significance Lung cancer is a major cancer of unmet need. This study identifies a novel tumor suppressor mechanism in lung cancer. Not only does this highlight a potential therapeutic target for early-stage disease but also multiple secreted candidate biomarkers that could be exploited to augment lung cancer screening approaches.<br></div><p><br></p><p><a href="">bioRxiv 2021.06.04.446876</a><br></p>376